What is the NAS Autism Accreditation?
The National Autistic Society Autism Accreditation is the UK’s only autism-specific quality assurance programme of support and development for all those providing services to autistic people. It is a way for organisations to show they offer excellent support to autistic children and adults.
The accreditation is a three year process of reflection and strategic development, focused on developing the whole staff’s understanding of Autism to be able to best support each individual child to reach their potential.
There are lots of benefits of being accredited, including:
· A more autism-focussed school
· Increased expertise in supporting autistic children
· Foundation for informing strategic planning
· Better outcomes for autistic children and those who benefit from the relevant approach
· Reassurance for families/carers
· A genuinely personalised service
· Ongoing development for the service/school
An in-depth assessment will take place over three days in May 2020 with outcomes measured against specific criteria to be met and demonstrated. This includes the reviewers observing lessons, analysing documentation, and listening to pupil and parent voice about our school.
Autism and Sandon School
Pupils with an Autistic Spectrum Condition (ASC) are included in every class throughout Sandon. In order to ensure that pupils on the autistic spectrum are able to access the broad, balanced and meaningful curriculum that we offer, their individual strengths and areas of difference are taken in to account.
The Autism Spectrum is diverse, but all people with Autism have common areas of difference as well as individual areas of strength, need and interest. There are four developmental areas for diagnosis:
· An impairment/ difference in communication which affects their ability to understand, and use, all aspects of verbal and non-verbal communication. This includes facial expression, gesture, body language and social timing in addition to speech.
· An impairment/ difference in social relationships. This will impact on how they interact with others, play and build relationships. Unwritten social rules may be problematic and support may be needed to communicate their own emotions and understand the feelings or needs of others.
· A difference in how they process information, which will impact on their attention, interests and how they learn. They may have a wonderful and extensive knowledge of special interests but struggle with changes to routine or the ability to transfer skills/ They may experience difficulties with Social Imagination despite having a great imagination generally.
· Sensory processing differences/ difficulties which can affect how they take in and perceive sensory information from the 5 senses, plus the body (proprioception) awareness system and the balance (vestibular) system.
An Autism Friendly Classroom
Our school strives to ensure that each classroom is organised in a way that is structured and meaningful for pupils with an ASC. Due to the diverse needs of pupils across Sandon, classrooms may differ in how they are set out.
At Sandon we aim to embody the rationale of the SPELL approach developed by The National Autistic Society. The approach has been developed to overcome or reduce the potentially disabling effects of autism by providing a broad and balanced curriculum, giving extra help in each of the areas of impairment.
The SPELL framework recognises the individual and unique needs of each young person and emphasises that all planning and intervention need to be organised on this basis.
Structure makes the world a more accessible and predictable place. Structure can aid personal autonomy and independence by reducing dependence on prompting from others. The environment and processes are modified to ensure individuals know what is going to happen and what is expected of them. This can also aid the development of flexibility by reducing dependence on rigid routines. Structure plays to the strengths of a sense of order and preference for visual organisation commonly associated with an ASC. Clear, consistent and predictable classroom routines should be present.
Positive (approaches and expectations)
Having high but realistic expectations based on careful assessment which identifies the strengths and individual needs of the person, their level of functioning and an assessment of the support they will need.
Starting from the perspective of the individual and gathering insights into how they see and experience the world, knowing what it is that motivates or interests them and also frightens, preoccupies or otherwise distresses them. Respecting the experience underpins any successful approach, develops communication and reduces anxiety.
Aiming for approaches and the environment to be calm and ordered in such a way as to reduce anxiety and aid concentration. There should be as few distractions as possible. Particular attention is paid to potentially aversive or distracting stimuli, for example noise levels, colour schemes, odours, lighting and clutter. Classrooms should be as distraction free as possible. Rooms should be clearly laid out with designated areas for specific activities wherever possible.
Strong links between the various components of the child/ young person’s life promotes and sustains essential consistency. Open links and communication between people (e.g. parents, teachers and outside agencies) provides a holistic approach and reduces the possibility of unhelpful misunderstanding or confusion.
Approaches and Interventions
In order to meet the needs of all pupils we use an eclectic mix of established and researched approaches and interventions; drawing on best practice and continuously monitoring and evaluating their use.
We use a child-centred approach which addresses the specific needs of the individual child. Different children may need a different ‘mix’ of the best-known approaches to meet their needs.
Our approach includes:
1. The development of language and communication
2. A range of therapy interventions
4. Behavioural approaches
5. Social scripts and stories
6. Physical activity
7. Sensory approach
The development of language and communication
We use a range of communication systems with the pupils. This includes Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), Communicate in Print, intensive interaction, Makaton signing and Proloquo2Go. Identified pupils have a Communication Passport that is created by parents/carers and teachers to identify how the pupil shows when they are happy, sad, hungry, angry etc and their likes and dislikes.
TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication Handicapped Children)
The key principles of TEACCH e.g. structure and visual information are practised throughout the school to enable pupils to know what they are doing next, when it will be finished and what will happen when it is finished. Individual and class timetables are used to support pupils. Aspects of this approach involve the use of minimum distraction work areas where pupils can systematically work on skills.
Implementation of TEACCH varies across the school according to the needs of classes or individuals. Some classrooms are clearly organised along TEACCH principles with individual timetables and workstations. In other classes individuals may use timetables for some elements of their learning e.g. making choices during unstructured times or specific transitions.
Behaviour is a means of communication and we endeavour to understand what the child is aiming ‘to say’ through their behaviour. Specific strategies are used to reduce anxiety and promote feelings of well-being.
Some pupils have individual behaviour plans that are regularly reviewed and updated. All teachers and teaching assistants are trained in positive handling (Team Teach).
Any sanctions used should be related to the behavioural targets of the pupil and focussed on the behaviour – not on the child as a person. They should also be appropriate to the level of understanding of the individual and be perceived as a sanction by the individual concerned.
All of our children have learning difficulties which impact on how they learn to behave. With the right support and intervention children and young people can learn to improve their behaviour and manage well.
Children with profound and complex needs will need a personalised approach to behaviour management and consideration must be given to sensory needs, pain thresholds and levels of stimulation and engagement. Personalised learning approaches mean that we meet each child or young person at their point of development – if we are able to meet them at their point of need, it is more likely that challenging or unhelpful behaviour will decrease or stop.
At Sandon School we use Restorative Practice which includes the use of informal and formal processes that proactively build relationships and a sense of community to promote good behaviour and self-discipline.
Our response to challenging behaviour may depend on the pupil’s individual needs, therefore we should always take a personalised approach following the pupil’s behaviour plan and the school’s ethos for behaviour.
Physical activity is encouraged within structured PE lessons as well as Sensory Circuits and movement breaks.
Social Scripts and Stories
These aim to prepare pupils and therefore reduce anxiety in unfamiliar situations or when preparing for a certain event. They also inform the child about social expectations and the benefits of conforming to these.
A sensory approach is used to engage pupils in their learning through adapting the environment, seating, as well as the activities to support individual learner needs.
Staff across Sandon are trained in autism specific practices and interventions such as; PECS, TEACCH, Social Stories, Team Teach and Intensive Interaction. All staff have attended internal training on autism-awareness and good practice, and the use of Makaton signing. School staff are kept up to date with current research relating to the education and well-being of pupils with an ASC through regular updates, training opportunities and access to e-learning.
Sensory integration is the ability to process, interpret and use appropriately, information received through the senses – tactile, auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, vestibular and proprioception. Processing is via the central nervous system and organised by the brain. For some children sensory integration development is atypical, these children may experience difficulties in learning, motor skills and behaviour.
Sandon School provides a multi-sensory learning environment in which staff assist and enable pupils to enjoy learning, through providing experiences that contribute to the development of sensory integration.
Sensory Circuits take place around the school each morning between 8.50 and 9.45. The sensory circuit has three areas – alerting, organising and calming – and through following the circuit children are helped to refine and focus their concentration in readiness for the day’s learning.
Classroom strategies to promote sensory integration:
Environment: The low arousal and calm, ordered classroom environment assists pupils in maintaining a calm, organised frame of mind. The use of visual supports reduces the anxiety felt by many pupils who may be overwhelmed by noise and chatter, and ear defenders are available for pupils who require them.
Communication: communication underpins all social interactions and comprehension is vital for cognitive learning. Specific speech and language programmes are carried out at Sandon, but communication targets are also integrated into the fabric of classroom activity.
Posture: good sitting is promoted at all times and some pupils have seating systems that have been provided through consultation with the OT before use.
Visual: the classroom environment is low arousal, calm colours, tidy surfaces and minimalist. There is a consistent application of CIP and PECS to aid learning and to provide instructions/ labels and support behaviour. Spoken language is reduced and verbal prompting is used – children with an ASC respond to visual support more readily than lots of spoken language, especially when they are anxious or stressed.
How sensory sensitivity affects behaviour
Sometimes, a person with an ASC may behave in a way that you wouldn’t immediately link to sensory activities but they may be the underlying cause.
To view the ASC Provision Action Plan 2019 - 2020 please click the picture below:
Sandon School will be having an in-depth assessment for the NAS Autism Accreditation in May 2020. As part of the assessment the NAS carry out a survey for autistic people, their families and if applicable other professionals who work alongside to feedback on the provision being assessed.
The survey for autistic people is intended for any autistic adult or young person over the age of 16. This will be completed in school. It can be completed by the autistic person with support if necessary.
The survey for the families and carers of autistic people is available, please click the picture to complete:
If your child has a diagnosis of ASD please could you click on the link and complete the survey by 27/04/2020.